We “The People of India” have been endowed with ample water resources by mother earth; however, wasteful use of water and wrong water policies has resulted in severe water scarcity.
A study done by Asian Development Bank ranked Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai amongst the four worst cities in Asia in terms of water availability 😦
Since, we have triggered this crisis through wastage of water by running taps, leaking pipelines, excessive use of flush toilets, letting rain water flow in sewers, and a score of other similar water wasting activities. We need to reverse the situation by changing our actions.
WE NEED TO SAVE WATER!!!
Water is used in Agriculture, industries as well as in households. So availability of water is the cornerstone for food security, industrial production and most importantly human life.
The Extent of Water Crisis:
India is facing ever increasing water demand with growing population and urbanization; the water resources, however, remain limited. We, therefore, need to save each and every drop of water and thus put the same to best possible use.
Water comes mainly from two sources: surface water (rivers, ponds etc) and ground water. With the surface water sources such as Ganga and Yamuna already polluted, we are getting more and more dependent on ground water. The cities are going through unsustainable mining of ground water (pumping is much more than the restoration) leading to falling ground water table. The water table has reduced sharply in last few years; a status report on groundwater by the NCR Planning Board (NCRPB) reveals that the water table in Delhi has been dipping by a whopping 2 meters every year and the situation in other Indian cities is similar.
Our water requirement can be mainly categorized in three buckets: Agriculture, Industrial and Domestic.
Agriculture – 89%
Industrial – 6%
Domestic – 5%
We have been wasting water in all these three areas and have not recognized that water is a precious and limited resource. With increasing population and development, the water requirement in domestic usage is estimated to grow manifolds in next few decades.
The urban population represents 30% of India’s total population and is expected to reach 45% of the total population by 2025. Population growth is going to accelerate the water crisis in India, especially as more and more people move into the cities and become part of the middle class. Due to the amenities of typical urban life, such as flush toilets and washing machines, people living in cities tend to lead more water intensive lives and put more pressure on the water resources.
- Washing Clothes
- Washing Utensils
- Drinking and Cooking
- House Cleaning
Actions to save wastage of water
- Rain Water Harvesting: The ground water gets replenished by the rain water seeping through soil into the ground. In cities, however, we have a network of roads which prevent rain water from seeping into the ground and it rather flows into the sewage system. We should, therefore, engage in rain water harvesting to replenish the ground water. Chennai is a successful example of rain water harvesting at household level.
- Use buckets instead of hosepipes for car wash and watering the plants.
We need to come up with ideas to save water in each aspect of our life:
- How to save water in Kitchen and Bathroom?
- How to save water in wash basins?
- Other Avenues to save water?
We can collectively prepare a list of best 10 ways to save water and then share the same with people in our lives.
Lets Start Sharing and try to solve Our Problems ourselves!!!!!